Design procedure

Design standard of CBRNe

1. INTRODUCTION
2. BASIC DESIGN CRITERIA

  • 2.1 Sheltering Requirements
  • 2.2 Geographical Data
  • 2.3 Outdoor Design Conditions
  • 2.4 Indoor Design Conditions
  • 2.5 Ventilation Requirements
  • 2.6 Thermal Properties of the Structural Elements
  • 2.7 Requirement for Electrical Installations
  • 2.8 Blast Protection
  • 2.9 Shock and Vibration Protection
  • 2.10 Utilities Supply

3. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SERVICES-SYSTEMS DESCRIPTION

  • 3.1 General
  • 3.2 Sheltering Modes
    3.2.1 Close-up mode
    3.2.2 Filtration mode
    3.3.3 By-pass mode
  • 3.3 Air Intake and Exhaust System
  • 3.4 HVAC & Life Supporting System
  • 3.5 Cooling and Heating System
  • 3.6 Domestic Water Supply
  • 3.7 Sanitary Drainage System
  • 3.8 Fire Protection System
  • 3.8.1 System requirements
  • 3.9 Standby Power Generation System
  • 3.10 Fuel Oil System
  • 3.11 Storage Tanks

4. ELECTRICAL AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

  • 4.1 Power connection
  • 4.2 Main Distribution Board
  • 4.3 Distribution Board for Lighting
  • 4.4 Motor Control Centers
  • 4.5 Stand-by Generators
  • 4.6 EMP-Protection
  • 4.7 Lighting and Small Power
  • 4.8 Illumination Levels
  • 4.9 Wiring
  • 4.10 Cable Trays and Trunkings
  • 4.11 Earthing
  • 4.12 Fire Alarm System
  • 4.13 Telephone System
  • 4.14 Central Antenna System
  • 4.15 Gate Phone System
  • 4.16 EMP Protection

5. SHOCK PROTECTION

  • 5.1 General
  • 5.2 Shock Absorbers
  • 5.3 Flexible Connections
  • 5.4 Support Elements

6. PASSAGE WAYS PROTECTION

6.1 Blast Doors and Hatches
6.1.1 Technical Specifications
6.1.2 Static Material Strength
6.1.2.1 Structural Member Design
6.1.2.2 Dynamic Analysis and Deformation
6.1.2.3 Rebound Resistance
6.1.2.4 Non-uniform loading

  • 6.1.3 Dynamic Material Strength
  • 6.1.3.1 Structural Steel

7. VENTILATION PROTECTION

  • 7.1 Blast Valves
    7.1.1 Blast Valves for Normal Ventilation
    7.1.1.1 Blast Valve Specification
    7.1.1.2 Self Latching SL/SLG PSV-series
    7.1.1.3 EAIP-protected PSV-series
    7.1.2 Exhaust Blast Valves for Diesel Generators and Sanitary Application
  • 7.2 Gastight Closing Valves

8. GROUND SHOCK PROTECTION

  • 8.1 Shock and Vibration Isolators

9. OTHER SHELTER EQUIPMENT

  • 9.1 Overpressure Meters
  • 9.2 Wall Sleeves

10. EMP-PROTECTION

  • 10.1 Consideration of EMP
    10.1.1 Definitions
    10.1.2 NEMP as a Physical Phenomena
    10.1.2.1 NEMP: Low Altitude Explosion
    10.1.2.2 NEMP: High Altitude Explosion HEMP
  • 10.2 The Effects Of NEMP
    10.2.1 Protection against EAIP
    10.2.1.1 Electromagnetic Shielding
    10.2.1.2 Grounding
    10.2.1.3 Filtering
  • 10.3 Test and Measurement Methods
    10.3.1 Supervision During Construction
    10.3.2 Acceptance Test. MIL-STD-285
    10.3.3 Acceptance Test, CCITT Directives
    10.3.4 Acceptance Test, by IEEE
    10.3.5 Splitting of Testing
    10.3.6 Regular Inspection
    10.3.7 Testing of Components

10.4 NEMP and Tempest Protection Practices 10.4.1 Structural
10.4.1.1 Overall Steel Sheet for Perfect Protection
10.4.2 Construction of the NEMP Shielding, Preparatory Work
10.4.2.1 Seams
10.4.2.2 NEMP Door
10.4.3 Mechanical
10.4.4 Electrical
10.4.4.1 NEMP Penetration Rooms
10.4.5 Grounding
10.4.6 Cable Penetrations
10.4.6.1 Incoming Power Cable